Different Types of alcohol

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A vast list of beverages is usually refer to as alcoholic drinks since they contain ethanol. Most alcoholic beverages make you feel drunk. Here, we go through some different types of alcoholic beverages and what goes into them.

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Alcohol categories

There are numerous major subcategories of alcohol. Some main categories of alcohol are:

  • Base liquors (gin, vodka, whiskey, tequila, rum, brandy, liquor)
  • Wines and fortified wines (vermouth, sherry, marsala)
  • Beer

Base liquor names

  1. Gin

This is one of the most prominent types of alcohol that is similar to vodka. Gin is named after juniper berries. Along with neutral grain alcohol, it also contains juniper, cinnamon, coriander, citrus peel, and almond. Gin has a clear appearance with a variety of flavors of herbs and spices. The juniper berry is a key component in gin. 

Famous varieties of Gins:

  • London Dry Gin contains approximately 45% ABV.
  • Old Tom Gin has 40% alcohol by volume.
  • ABV for Plymouth Gin is around 41.2%.
  • ABV for Navy Strength Gin is approximately 57%.
  1. Vodka

Vodka is a transparent, flavorless liquor that one can create from anything but is typically made from grains. Even one can make vodka with potatoes, strawberries, and corn. Although vodka is nearly tasteless, odorless, and transparent, it does contain slight flavor characteristics. You can use these flavors to differentiate manufacturing brands and even guess the base ingredients utilized.

Historically, either potatoes or cereal grains were fermented and used as a source of vodka. Some brands also produce vodka using sugar or fruits. It is one of the most well-liked and sought-after alcoholic beverages. You can either drink it straight up or mix it into drinks like Cosmopolitan, Bloody Mary, and Martini.

Russians make vodka out of fermented grains and potatoes. This one of the most popular types of alcohol comes in various varieties, including

  • Vodka, which ranges in alcohol content from 40% to 95%
  • Vodka with flavors often ranges in alcohol content from 30% to 50%.
  • Fruit vodka typically ranges in alcohol by volume from 30% to 50%
  1. Whiskey

This is among the ideal types of alcohol. It is a distilled beverage prepare from grain mash. Whiskey comes in various varieties and origins. Bourbon, Rye Whiskey, Scotch Whiskey, Canadian Whiskey, Japanese Whiskey, Tennessee Whiskey, and Irish Whiskey are popular whiskey varieties. 

Whiskies with flavors are also available, like Fireball Whisky and Peanut Butter Whiskey.

Whiskies are typically made from grains, including maize, rye, barley, and wheat. It undergoes fermentation in charred white oak wood to produce its distinct flavor. 

Varieties of whiskey varieties include:

  • ABV of bourbon, which ranges from 40% to 80%
  • The ABV of Canadian whisky is approximately 40%.
  • The ABV of Irish whiskey is around 40%.
  • around 80% ABV in rye whiskey
  • Scotch has an ABV of between 40% and 43%.
  1. Rum

Rum is a distilled spirit created from sugarcane juice or molasses. White rum, golden rum, dark rum, and aged rum are among the several rum varieties. Brazilian rum is referred to as cachaça, which is the ingredient of the well-known Caipirinha. Due to the additional sugar and low alcohol content, coconut rum is regarded as a coconut liqueur.

Since rum is largely produce in the Caribbean, its legal requirements are not nearly as strict as whiskey. It is frequently aged in wooden barrels. Besides, it is a very popular alcoholic beverage.

Popular rum varieties include:

  • Demerara rum, which has an ABV of around 43%
  • Navy rum, which has an ABV of about 57%
  • rum with an alcohol by volume (ABV) of between 57.5% and 75.5%
  • White rum, which has an ABV of about 40%
  1. Brandy

Brandy is a distilled beverage prepare from apple or apricot juice or wine. Cognac, Armagnac, Calvados, Spanish brandy, American brandy, and Pisco are a few popular varieties.

One can make it by fermenting any fruit. Typically, brandy is consume neat out of specialized, circular glasses known as “snifters. Even though one can use any fruit to manufacture brandy, early grapes are the most common option. One can consume these types of alcohol as an alcoholic beverage after dinner, with a 35% to 60% alcohol content. 

Top types of brandy:

  • ABV for armagnac ranges from 46% to 48%.
  • Calvados has an ABV of 40%.
  • Cognac, which has an ABV of 40%
  • Kirsch, which has an ABV of 40% to 50%
  1. Liqueur

Liqueurs are created by combining distilled spirits with plant extracts. According to the official US definition, liqueurs must include at least 2.5% by weight of alcohol in addition to plant-based ingredients and sweeteners. Examples of well-known liqueur names are triple Absinthe, Sec, Amaro, Amaretto, Schnapps, Benedictine, Campari, Drambuie, and Sambuca. 


Wine is a fermented grape juice-made alcoholic beverage which is available in various varieties. People consume it straight or blend it into drinks everywhere in the world.

The primary categories of wine are:

  1. Fortified Wine

Fortified wines are made with an incredible blend of distilled spirit or brandy in wine in order to stabilize it. One example of it is Aromatize wine which comes with natural flavors like fruits, herbs, and botanicals. One can drink these wines solely or even can add them to food while cooking. Vermouth is one of the most famous fortified wines, which is widely used in cocktails. 

  1. Lillet or Cocchi Americano

French aperitif Lillet is an aromatized wine with citrus and herb flavors. Lillet Blanc, Lillet Rosé, and Lillet Rouge are three different varieties of Lillet prepare from various wines. Similar to Cocchi Americano, it has a sweeter flavor.

  1. Madeira, Marsala, and Port

Madeira is a Portuguese fortified wine that comes in both dry and sweet varieties. Marsala is a Sicilian fortified wine that one can create in both dry and sweet variations. One can use both types of alcohol in cooking, as an aperitif before dinner, or as a digestif afterward.

  1. Sherry

Sherry is a fortified wine produce in Spain by blending white wine with grape liquor. The flavor is crisp, with an apple cider aroma and a very dry finish.

  1. Vermouth

Vermouth is an alcoholic beverage, but it’s not a distilled spirit; it’s a fortified wine. It serves as a supporting character in a number of well-known drinks. Some of the available styles are dry, sweet, semi-dry, and semi-sweet.


Beer is a fermented alcoholic beverage manufacture from cereal grains, most usually barley. Depending on the brewing procedure, the ABV of these types of alcoholic drinks varies substantially. The average alcohol by volume (ABV) of beers ranges from 4 to 8 percent, with 5 to 6 percent being the norm in the US. These days, some artisan beers have alcohol levels as high as 12. One can consume this drink in both straight and in cocktails. Beer is available in these categories:

  • Ales 
  • Wheat beer
  • Lager
  • Porter
  • Stout
  • Pilsner
  • Sour Ale

Aditya Mishra


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