Which PHP Framework to Use: Symfony or Laravel?


Laravel or Symfony A Comparative Guide of PHP Frameworks
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In the world of PHP software development, Laravel or Symfony are perhaps the two most widely used frameworks. Both are simple to implement, can accommodate the creation of projects with varied degrees of difficulty and scope, and have active communities of software developers. But what can be stated about the benefits that these frameworks provide to businesses that are launching solutions that are based on PHP? In the next section, we will discuss the many ways in which Symfony and Laravel might assist a company.

Comparison between Laravel vs Symfony

Laravel was launched in 2011. Taylor Otwell built it to give a multi-functional solution like CodeIgniter, which lacked web application development capabilities. Symfony components underpin Laravel. Laravel can construct websites and online apps using object-oriented programming and the Model View Controller (MVC) architectural design. Laravel lets developers build anything from one-page websites to massive social networks with its many built-in capabilities.

Laravel simplifies development processes regardless of project structure or business logic. However, developers use this framework for complex applications. Symfony, a sophisticated PHP framework, follows the Model View Controller design. Its design actively uses other object-oriented programming paradigms. Free MIT-licensed framework. Symfony features great documentation, over 1000 extensions, and everything to speed up the building of scalable, maintainable websites and web apps.

OroCRM, Laravel, Magento, OpenCart, Piwik, and the newest Drupal versions all use Symfony.

Symfony is “very academic” compared to Laravel, yet it pays well when constructing sophisticated digital solutions with a vast code base.

Pros and Cons of Laravel vs. Symfony

Does Symfony serve as the foundation for Laravel? Sure, that’s the case. Although it shares some code with the Symfony framework and both are de facto free and open-source, this framework stands on its own merits and limitations. As such, we think it’s important for you to compare Symfony and Laravel side by side.

Laravel’s Benefits

Let’s begin with Laravel’s main advantages to organisations.

High-level security

Users’ sensitive information is safe from compromise because of the framework’s emphasis on code security. Common vulnerabilities, such as SQL injections and cross-site request forgery (CSRF), are mitigated. Laravel’s authentication mechanism is straightforward and effective, letting you keep out unwanted individuals and protect sensitive data.

Excellent performance

High speed is a given for Laravel-based websites and apps, due to the framework’s sophisticated caching mechanism and a few plugins that are included in the original build. Since the file caching driver stores a lot of data in the file system, data may be loaded quickly from the back end. Furthermore, the framework’s one-of-a-kind message queue architecture helps to distribute server workload evenly and safeguards data in any circumstances.

Simple scalability

Laravel Cache and Laravel Horizon are two of the framework’s built-in utilities. Eloquent ORM is only one example of the many available services. Through its use of the ActiveRecord pattern, this object-relational mapping solution frees developers from writing complicated SQL queries to access data from many databases. You may connect your Laravel project to many services like GitHub, CircleCI, Docker, AWS, and more. All of these characteristics make it possible to scale projects quickly, cheaply, and effectively.

Rapid product release

Since Laravel provides a pre-built project structure and a set of tools (including a template engine) right out of the box, PHP programmers can concentrate on expressing business logic rather than setting up frameworks and other infrastructure for their applications. Furthermore, as we said before, the framework is based on the MVC design, which allows access to the whole infrastructure of web projects and reduces development time.

Capability to develop multilingual websites

The Laravel framework facilitates the development of goods aimed at a global audience. More specifically, it facilitates the creation of multilingual websites that automatically adjust to the user’s language and geographical location.

Integration with third-party solutions is simple

There are dozens of external development resources that can be seamlessly integrated into a Laravel framework application. As opposed to other frameworks, Laravel makes this procedure quick and painless, without sacrificing any speed on your project.

Efficient error and exception handling for improved user experience

Laravel includes logging libraries and an error and exception handler as standard (such as Monolog). Laravel’s methods for handling mistakes and exceptions enhance the functionality of the final products.

Laravel’s disadvantages

In spite of its obvious benefits, this structure does have a few drawbacks.

In several cases, poor performance

The mobile versions of certain Laravel-based applications may be larger than the desktop counterparts so that they load more quickly. Thus, developers must exert more energy (and thus, spend more time) to guarantee adequate performance.

Problems with upgrading versions

Some elements of the code may not function as originally expected when developers change a framework version (for example, to generate an update to an application or website), and developers may need to spend time recreating damaged components.

Symfony’s Benefits

Let us now discuss the advantages of Symfony, the framework that underpins Laravel.

Flexibility

Symfony provides comprehensive control over configuration and other critical project elements, and it is compatible with a wide range of database systems (there are full-featured database classes with cross-platform support). Another important feature of this framework is its code reusability, which makes it a good option for developing long-term projects that will need growing in the future.

Capability to choose a strategy to the development process

Symfony provides developers with three methods for establishing projects:

  • a whole stack — for complicated, multi-functional solutions
  • “from bricks” – for constructing functional solutions based on pre-existing architecture;
  • based on a micro-framework – a collection of reusable standalone components

This option enables developers to accept the most efficient development approach, bringing the product launch closer and creating favourable circumstances for future scalability.

Simple examination

Symfony features its own PHP module library, which facilitates unit testing without needing professionals to build complicated scripts. Furthermore, this framework automated functional testing, which benefits QA speed.

Modernization that is quick and simple

Symfony offers developers with reusable components, which speeds up the creation of a product and simplifies its modification. Simultaneously, Symfony is Java-compatible and allows third-party connectors, offering a solid basis for rapid and simple updates of current applications.

Interoperability

Symfony is interoperable with a wide range of business libraries and supports current PHP “standards” such as class name conventions and PHPUnit. In reality, this enables developers to integrate dissimilar components to build customised solutions.

Developers will appreciate the convenience

Hire symfony developers provides high-quality documentation, which lowers the barrier to entry for developers. This implies that even if someone on your development team has no prior knowledge with this framework, they will be able to grasp its key features. Furthermore, this package includes significant diagnostic capabilities, notably those related to security.

Stability

Symfony is the Best PHP frameworks market and the most dependable choice for large-scale projects. This is supported through frequent upgrades and seamless compatibility with previous versions (by the way, this is one of the main disadvantages of Laravel).

Symfony’s disadvantages

Finally, let’s talk about the Symfony framework’s flaws.

In several cases, poor performance

Laravel suffers from a similar limitation, however unlike Laravel, Symfony’s performance might suffer as a result of integrations with third-party solutions.

Costly development

The early expenditures of creating Symfony-based products might be too expensive for startups and small organisations.

Symfony vs. Laravel Popularity

Laravel leads Symfony in developer popularity. This expands your developer pool, which helps your company.

Symfony: Trends Built with analytics reports 35,638 Symfony-built websites.

Laravel: This statistics shows 738,561 websites using Laravel.

Symfony vs. Laravel Performance

Laravel development services provide unified APIs for caching views, while Symfony developers cache source code and views automatically. Laravel loads faster than Symfony.

Symfony: Symfony websites load in 250 milliseconds on Apache and Nginx, the two leading web servers.

Laravel: This framework’s benchmark performed better: 60 milliseconds.

Symfony vs. Laravel: Scaling

For scaled projects, Symfony is more adaptable than Laravel.

Symfony: Reusable components make Symfony development quicker and more organised. This helps build solutions at scale.

Laravel: Despite supporting Eloquent ORM, which may use cloud services, and employing the same MVC design pattern as Symfony, Laravel generates extra dependencies. This makes current solutions less flexible and less scalable.

Symfony vs. Laravel: Security

Symfony has improved security. However, installing and integrating them might be difficult. Laravel implements security simply.

Thus, if you want to build a specialised product with strong security requirements and spare your development team’s nerves and time, Laravel is the better option between Symfony PHP and Laravel.

Symfony: Symfony includes various HTTP-related security capabilities (such as secure session cookies and CSRF protection). This architecture contains providers, firewalls, and access control for demanding entities.

Laravel: Laravel protects users against SQL injection and CSRF, preventing data loss.

When to Use Laravel?

Due to its simplicity and numerous capabilities that enable developers to build digital goods quickly, scalable, and compatible, Laravel became the most popular PHP framework in 2021. Laravel is a good option for establishing a development team since it’s simple to identify appropriate experts.

This framework is ideal for startups and small businesses, lowering time-to-market and development expenses.

When to Use Symfony?

If your project contains complicated design and business logic, Symfony is a good solution for long-term maintenance. Scalable projects are also acceptable (or are already scaling).

This framework and its solutions are modular, so your development team may alter certain components without impacting the source. This will speed up release and decrease bug risk.

Final Thought

Laravel or Symfony? Check your project scope with pros and cons before choosing a PHP framework like Laravel, Symfony, or another. Consider the preferences of your development staff, since some may strongly prefer a commercial technology.

As you can see, Symfony is best for large-scale projects with a big budget and no rush to market. Laravel is cheaper and better for startups.


Emily Smith

Zazz is USA’s fastest-growing full-stack mobile app and software solutions agency that works with Fortune 500 companies, start-ups, and enterprises of all sizes to accelerate sustainable growth with efficiently-built digital products.